Tooth Abscess, sometimes called a dental abscess refers to a buildup of pus that forms inside the gum or a
tooth. It is brought about by a bacterial infection that usually accumulates in the soft pulp of a person’s tooth.
The bacteria exists in plaque which if not removed by flossing and regular brushing accumulates on teeth
and gums and destroys them.
There are three types of dental abscess;
Some of the symptoms of abscess include; a fever, pain and a bad taste in the mouth. The bad taste is as a
result of a ruptured abscess which releases a foul-smelling and foul-tasting fluid, which is pus.
Treatment may include root canal or if the infection has spread too far, extraction of the tooth may be
Tooth Abscess Stages Explained
The following are the tooth abscess stages.
1. Tooth decay.
Tooth decay is the initial stage that leads to tooth abscess. When a tooth is repeatedly exposed to sugar and
acid, decay occurs. Bacteria accumulate on a tooth bringing about plaque which eats away at your tooth
enamel thus causing a tooth cavity. Bacteria continues to secrete more acid after reaching the cavity moving
towards the dentin layer.
When the bacteria reaches the softer dentin, the rate at which a tooth is decaying is sped up and begins to
affect the interior part of the tooth.
The initiation of a tooth abscess begins to develop after the bacteria eat through the dentin and enter the pulp.
2. The infection of the pulp.
After the decay makes it possible for the bacteria to enter the pulp, it becomes infected,inflamed and the
nerves connected to the tooth begin to die. When nerves are irritated or infected, this causes a person’s tooth
to ache but if they have a tooth which is dying, it is possible for them never to experience pain or sensitivity.
There is a development of pus, which is a white liquid that is made up of white blood cells, bacteria and
dead cells as a result of the body’s immune system attempting to fight off the infection in the pulp.
Buildup of the pus around the root of the infected tooth creates pressure causing abscess, swelling, or even
pain. When the immune system tries to fight off the infection it becomes more inflamedS.
3. Spreading of the infection.
In later stages of a tooth abscess that has been left untreated, serious complications may arise. The infection
could spread to the surrounding bone structure and cause some serious damage. Eating away at the alveolar
bone can lead to the loss of the bone that holds the tooth.
Some life-threatening conditions such as strep throat or sepsis may result from a tooth abscess. The infection
could also spread to your brain.
It is very important for a dental visit if you have a tooth abscess so that the dentist can drain the pus from it
or recommend what is the best measure to take in order to treat it. Antibiotics will be given to fight off the
infection as well as some painkillers for the pain.